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Improving Living Standard of Underprivileged Population through Installation of Home Based Solar Energy Systems

Project Name:

Improving Living Standard of Underprivileged Population through Installation of Home Based Solar Energy Systems


Kalat, Balochistan

Duration of the Project (months):

Total Number of Staff-months of the Assignment:




Start Date:


Completion Date:

Narrative Description of the Project: 

District Kalat is one of the least developed districts of Balochistan1. As per Government of Pakistan, District Kalat Profile 2011, Pakistan Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA) provides electricity in District Kalat through four grid stations, including 4,891 domestic and 1,762 other type of connections.2 About 95% of primary and 14% high schools in the Union Council (UC) are functioning without electricity.3 Economic activities in the district are also very limited; about 75% people are engaged in agriculture, 20% in livestock, 02% in government services, and 03% in other activities.
Though there is electricity and gas facility available in some urban areas of district Kalat and few houses and hotels use diesel generators for electricity generation, still, most of the population including the proposed UC of Desht-e-Gohran use kerosene lamps for lighting. The major sources of energy for cooking in the project focused off grid areas are fuel wood, bushes and dung-cakes. All these sources carry their own environmental and health hazards.
Union Council Desht-e-Gohran is the remotest UC of Tehsil Kalat located at 45-50 kilometers away from Tehsil head quarter Kalat. Active transmission lines are located at a distance of 1-3 kilometers from project villages. Before the implementation of the project, Sub Divisional Officer, Quetta Electric Supply Company (QESCO), Kalat confirmed that the proposed five villages of UC were off-grid and QESCO had no plans to extend electricity to these villages in the near future. The project proposed provision of solar systems to 100 households (HHs) (covering 100% population) in the five villages in order to improve the health of the communities through the use of clean energy and opening avenues for education and livelihood through provision of light, even after sunset.
Solar power is one of the most environment friendly electric generation sources. Photovoltaic (PV) and thermal solar panels generate electricity without any hazardous waste, air or water emissions and no noise or vibrations. It is a viable choice and can be implemented easily in urban, suburban and rural environments. Furthermore, solar roof and ground mount systems require minimal maintenance as there are limited moving parts.
The climate of district Kalat is hot in summer and cold in winter and technically viable for solar system use. The mono-crystalline panels can be used in these climatic conditions. As per accuweather website data, the temperatures in Kalat are highest on average in June at around 40-45°C, while January is the coldest month, with highest temperatures averaging 19°C.4 Society for Community Action Process (SCAP), established and registered on November 22, 2010, under the Voluntary Social Welfare Agencies (Registration and Control) Rules, 1962, has been serving in the underserved and remote areas of Balochistan. It has strong linkages with the communities, established while working with the people on the human development agenda.

For more read report: Solar Project Evaluation Report  District Kalat Report